National contributions for the COP 21 [fr]
Before the beginning of the COP 21 and within the framework of a new international agreement on climate change all countries commit themselves to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.
Every country has to release its INDC (Intended Nationally Determined Contribution). What does INDC consist of ?
What are the national contributions for the COP 21 ?
The acronym “INDC” stands out for the contributions that have been nationally determined by the Parties ahead of the Paris 2015 Conference (COP 21) that takes place from 30 November to 11 December.
It is a new kind of instrument within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change through which countries showcase ahead of the conference their planned national efforts in the fight against climate change.
What are the principles behind national contributions ?
Ambition : the contributions are expected to go beyond the countries’ current commitments. The current commitments are part of the framework of the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol – as for the European Union – or are national voluntary measures in accordance to the Copenhagen agreement or the Cancun agreements.
Differentiation : the contributions are considered while taking into account national circumstances specific to each country. Least advanced countries and small island States, in particular, enjoy some flexibility in the drawing up of their INDC in view of their limited capacity.
Transparency : the contributions are published on the UNFCC website as soon as they are communicated by countries.
The secretariat will prepare by 1 November 2015 a synthesis report on the aggregate effect of the INDCs communicated by Parties by 1 October 2015
What are the rules framing the countries contributions ?
Perimeter and content
National contributions should have two kind of objectives :
Mitigation objectives aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, for instance by changing the manufacturing processes in use. Each State contribution has to present data and mention the reference year, the commitment period and the implementation timeframe, and specify the methodologies employed to estimate GHG emissions.
Adaptation objectives aim to reduce natural and human systems vulnerability to the consequences of actual or expected climate changes. The contribution to these objectives is on a voluntary basis.